Copyright is the right of an author of a creative work to prevent others from copying it, or reusing part or all of the original work in a derivative work. Copyright can cover almost any creative expression including a book, photograph, artwork, writing, or recording. After a period of time, copyrights revert to the public domain. The period for which a work remains under copyright varies from country to country. We strongly encourage Scribd members to familiarize themselves with the basics of copyright before uploding documents. For more information about copyright, we recommend the following resources:
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You retain all rights to original content uploaded to Scribd in perpetuity, including the right to remove the content from Scribd at any time. Certain featured documents require administrator approval before they can be removed; we'll be happy to remove them upon request.
Documents on Scribd are set, by default, to a Creative Commons Attribution/Non-Commercial license at upload time. This license grants others the right to copy and re-use your document for non-commercial purposes provided that you are given credit. You can change the license afterward through the document's Edit panel.
Scribd takes the rights of intellectual property owners very seriously and complies as a service provider with all applicable provisions of the United States Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA") of 1998. It is our policy to respond to clear, legally valid notices of alleged copyright infringement that comply with the criteria established by DMCA. If you are a copyright holder and you believe that any content hosted on our web site infringes your copyrights, then you may submit a notification pursuant to the DMCA by following the instructions outlined in our DMCA copyright infringement takedown notification policy.
Creative Commons is a licensing system that enables you retain copyright on your work while granting others limited rights to copy, re-use, and distribute your content in other ways. The extent of the rights you grant others is entirely up to you. Creative Commons does not nullify or waive your copyright. Copyright, by law, says "all rights reserved." Creative Commons simply adds on "but, I grant others specific rights under specific conditions." You can change or rescind your document's Creative Commons license at any time.
Documents on Scribd are set, by default, to a Creative Commons Attribution/Non-Commercial license at upload time. You can change the license afterward through the document's Edit panel.
For more information about Creative Commons, please see http://creativecommons.org.
- DMCA copyright infringement takedown notification policy
- DMCA copyright infringement takedown notification template
- DMCA counter-notification policy
- DMCA counter-notification template
- How do I change my content's copyright/Creative Commons license?
- How does Scribd help protect the rights of authors?
- One of my documents was improperly removed by the copyright protection system. What do I do?
- What happens when I upload content for which I don't own or control the copyright?
- What is "fair use?"